Rarely are my dreams so fragmented that I wake up wondering what was going on. I’m usually always aware of the dream and can manipulate and control it at will. But for the past two nights I’ve dreamt so many fragmented pieces that during my morning cup of coffee or tea I just sit there wondering where that came from.
The it hit me. My dreams are a perfect mirror of how I feel my life to be right now. Torn and fragmented.
Nothing feels right anymore. After a certain point you should be able to feel like you’re past certain things and that you’re progressing and moving forward but I feel like I keep getting pushed back. I feel like no matter what I do or how hard I try none of it matters. A part of me feels so defeated and lost.
Despite our doubts and deep-seated cynicism, the retributive act distinguishes itself from revenge or vengeance in several important and unmistakable ways. Whereas revenge strikes out at real or perceived injury, retribution speaks to an objective wrong. Whereas revenge is wild and “insatiable,” not subject to limitations, retribution has both upper and lower limits, acknowledging the moral repugnance of assigning draconian punishment to petty crime as well as assigning light punishment to violent, heinous crime. Whereas vengeance has a thirst for injury and delights in bringing evil upon the offending party—the avenger will not only kill but rape, torture, plunder and burn what is left, deriving satisfaction from its victim’s suffering—retribution has as its goal a greater social good and takes no pleasure in punishment. And finally, whereas the avenger will operate out of the retaliatory mode due to something done to him or to his group, retribution is impersonal and therefore demands impartiality, not subject to personal bias (for this reason Lady Justice is depicted as blindfolded).
Retributive justice, when properly understood, serves a civilized culture in several important ways. It isolates individuals who endanger the community; it expresses social outrage at morally perverse acts; it controls the extent to which the citizenry is victimized by criminal acts; it rewards the perpetrator proportionately with consequences befitting the crime; and it rehabilitates the offender by forcing him to reflect on the grievous nature of the crime. Each of these elements is critical in preserving the social order
Both revenge and retribution pervert the golden rule to mean “Do unto others as was done unto you.”
Both use the perpetrator’s despicable behavior as the standard by which to act. The true form of the
golden rule, by contrast, uses positive ideals as the standard: “Do unto others as you would have
them do unto you.”
Both revenge and retribution promise victims that harming the perpetrator will bring satisfaction.
Avengers seek the sweet taste of revenge; the State promises “closure” to murder victims’ families.
Both revenge and retribution encourage family members of murder victims to remain in a state of
victimhood, which, they are told, can only be resolved by harming another. Both revenge and
retribution teach that pain can be healed by making others suffer, the same belief held by many
Both revenge and retribution assume that some humans deserve grave, even lethal harm. This belief
is also how most murderers justify their crimes.
Both revenge and retribution assume that perpetrators’ bad moral merit overrides their claims as
human beings to be protected from degradation and death. By dehumanizing the perpetrator,
avengers and punishers risk becoming like murderers — acting as if some humans are not valuable.
Both revenge and retribution encourage punishers to numb themselves to the violence enacted upon
perpetrators. By numbing themselves to the violence of execution, avengers and State functionaries
risk becoming akin to murderers, unable to respond compassionately to the suffering of another
I often feel like my dog in this picture. Starring out the window pondering the mysteries of my life.
Worried about my poor doggy he doesn’t seem as chipper as usual :-/
Why am I in this class it’s like a giant accumulation of my past analysis classes and I’m so bored